A hemorrhoid banding procedure is a simple, pain-free procedure used to treat problematic hemorrhoids. During this brief procedure, small rubber bands are secured around the base of the hemorrhoid, where the tissue is less pain-sensitive, cutting off blood supply to the hemorrhoid. This allows the hemorrhoid to shrink in size, eventually falling off naturally during normal bowel movements. Most patients are unaware when this happens, and the site of the hemorrhoid usually heals completely within a week or two.
Hemorrhoid banding is done in three appointments scheduled at two week intervals. Each appointment takes only about 15 minutes. The procedure itself is painless and no sedation is required. Within the first 24 hours after the banding procedure, patients may experience a slight ache at the location of the hemorrhoid, as well as a feeling of fullness or slight pressure at the site. An over the counter pain medication is usually recommended for any post-procedure related complaints. Some rare cases may require more banding procedures aside from the initial three; if this occurs, the doctor will discuss any additional testing that may be required.